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The Turkish Government is Removing Integral from the Education Curriculum: Medium and Long Term Effects

In a surprising move, the Turkish government has announced plans to remove integral calculus from the national education curriculum. This decision has sparked a significant debate among educators, parents, and policymakers about its potential implications. Integrals are a fundamental part of calculus, playing a crucial role in various fields of science, engineering, and economics. As we delve into the medium and long-term effects of this decision, it’s important to consider both the immediate educational impacts and the broader consequences for Turkey’s scientific and technological progress.

Understanding Integrals and Their Importance

What are Integrals?

Integrals are a key concept in calculus, representing the accumulation of quantities and the area under curves. They are used to calculate various physical quantities such as areas, volumes, displacement, and more. Integrals are essential in many scientific and engineering disciplines, making them a critical component of advanced mathematics education.

Importance of Integrals in Education

Integrals play a vital role in:

  • Physics: Understanding motion, forces, and energy.
  • Engineering: Designing structures, analyzing systems, and solving real-world problems.
  • Economics: Modeling growth, optimizing resources, and understanding trends.
  • Computer Science: Algorithm development, data analysis, and machine learning.

Removing integrals from the curriculum could significantly impact students’ readiness for higher education and careers in these fields.

Medium-Term Effects

Impact on Higher Education

One of the immediate effects of removing integrals from the curriculum will be felt in higher education. Universities rely on students having a solid foundation in calculus, including integrals, to succeed in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) courses.

Potential Consequences:

  • Preparation Gap: Students entering university without knowledge of integrals may struggle with advanced courses, leading to higher dropout rates and lower academic performance.
  • Bridging Courses: Universities may need to introduce bridging courses to teach integrals, increasing the time and cost of education.
  • Curriculum Adjustments: Higher education institutions might need to adjust their curricula to accommodate the gaps in students’ knowledge, potentially diluting the quality of education.

Effects on STEM Education

STEM education heavily relies on calculus concepts. Removing integrals could undermine the quality of education in these fields.

Potential Consequences:

  • Reduced Competitiveness: Turkish students may find themselves at a disadvantage compared to their international peers who receive comprehensive calculus training.
  • Impact on Research and Innovation: A weaker foundation in calculus could hinder students’ ability to engage in advanced research and innovation, affecting Turkey’s position in the global scientific community.
Students Learning Mathematics
Students engaging in a mathematics lesson in the classroom

Teacher Preparedness

Teachers will need to adapt to the new curriculum, which may require additional training and resources.

Potential Consequences:

  • Professional Development: Educators will need professional development opportunities to effectively teach the revised curriculum.
  • Curriculum Development: Schools will need to invest time and resources into developing new teaching materials and strategies to compensate for the removal of integrals.

Long-Term Effects

Economic Impact

The long-term economic impact of removing integrals from the curriculum could be significant, particularly in fields that rely heavily on advanced mathematics.

Potential Consequences:

  • Workforce Readiness: A generation of students without integral calculus knowledge may be less prepared for careers in engineering, technology, and science, leading to a skills gap in the workforce.
  • Innovation and Competitiveness: Reduced proficiency in calculus could impact Turkey’s ability to innovate and compete in the global economy, particularly in technology-driven industries.

Technological and Scientific Advancement

A solid foundation in calculus is essential for scientific and technological advancement. The decision to remove integrals could have far-reaching implications for Turkey’s future in these areas.

Potential Consequences:

  • Research Capabilities: Future scientists and engineers may be less equipped to conduct high-level research, affecting the country’s ability to contribute to global scientific advancements.
  • Technological Development: The development of new technologies often relies on advanced mathematical concepts. A lack of proficiency in integrals could hinder progress in fields such as artificial intelligence, robotics, and data science.

Societal Impact

The decision to remove integrals from the curriculum may also have broader societal implications, affecting educational equity and social mobility.

Potential Consequences:

  • Educational Inequality: Students from well-resourced schools or families may seek additional tutoring or resources to learn integrals, exacerbating educational inequality.
  • Social Mobility: A strong foundation in mathematics can be a pathway to higher education and better career opportunities. Removing integrals may limit opportunities for students from disadvantaged backgrounds.
STEM Education
The role of STEM education in preparing students for the future

Addressing the Challenges

To mitigate the potential negative effects of this decision, several measures can be taken:

Enhancing the Curriculum

The curriculum can be adjusted to ensure that students still gain a strong foundation in mathematics, even without integrals.


  • Focus on Fundamental Concepts: Emphasize other fundamental mathematical concepts to build a strong foundation.
  • Introduce Practical Applications: Incorporate real-world applications of mathematics to enhance understanding and relevance.

Supporting Teachers

Providing support and resources for teachers is crucial to the successful implementation of the new curriculum.


  • Professional Development: Offer professional development programs to help teachers adapt to the new curriculum and teaching methods.
  • Resource Development: Develop and distribute high-quality teaching materials and resources to support the new curriculum.

Bridging Programs for Higher Education

Higher education institutions can develop bridging programs to ensure that students entering university have the necessary knowledge and skills.


  • Pre-University Courses: Introduce pre-university courses to teach integrals and other advanced mathematical concepts.
  • Collaborate with Schools: Work with secondary schools to align the curriculum with university requirements.


The decision by the Turkish government to remove integrals from the education curriculum is a significant change that will have both medium and long-term effects. While the immediate impact will be felt in higher education and STEM fields, the broader implications for the economy, technological advancement, and societal equity must also be considered. By addressing these challenges proactively and implementing supportive measures, it is possible to mitigate the negative effects and ensure that students continue to receive a high-quality education that prepares them for the future.

Useful Links

By understanding the potential effects of removing integral calculus from the Turkish education curriculum and taking proactive steps to address the challenges, stakeholders can ensure that students continue to receive a comprehensive and high-quality education that prepares them for future success.

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